Artificial insemination is an effective treatment for addressing infertility, particularly in unexplained infertility, and cases associated with mild endometriosis and sperm problems. The most common form is intrauterine insemination (IUI), in which the processed sperm are injected directly into the woman’s uterus in hopes of fertilizing an egg.

The IUI form of artificial insemination requires working ovaries, viable eggs and functional fallopian tubes, and availability of 5-10 million motile sperm upon processing the ejaculate of the male partner.